Urgent Care Doctor

What Type of Medication Can an Urgent Care Doctor Prescribe?

Urgent care facilities have become a popular option for individuals seeking prompt medical attention for non-life-threatening conditions. One of the key advantages of urgent care centers is their ability to provide immediate care without the need for an appointment. Patients often wonder, however, what types of medications can be prescribed by urgent care doctors. 

Let’s explore the range of medications that urgent care physicians can prescribe and the conditions they typically treat.

Common Conditions Treated in Urgent Care

Urgent care centers provide immediate medical attention for non-life-threatening conditions that require prompt care but do not warrant a visit to the emergency room. While the specific services offered can vary, here is a list of common conditions treated in urgent care:

Minor Injuries

  • Sprains and strains
  • Minor fractures
  • Cuts and lacerations (that may require stitches)
  • Minor burns
  • Contusions and bruises


  • Upper respiratory infections (colds, flu, sinus infections)
  • Urinary tract infections (UTIs)
  • Strep throat and other throat infections
  • Ear infections
  • Bronchitis and mild asthma exacerbations
  • Gastrointestinal issues (nausea, vomiting, diarrhea)

Skin Conditions

  • Rashes and allergic reactions
  • Minor skin infections and abscesses
  • Insect bites and stings
  • Dermatitis and eczema flare-ups

Minor Allergic Reactions

  • Allergic reactions to insect bites or stings
  • Allergic reactions to certain foods or medications (mild reactions)

Minor Eye Injuries or Infections

  • Conjunctivitis (pink eye)
  • Eye injuries that do not involve foreign objects embedded in the eye

Minor Gynecological Issues

  • Urinary tract infections
  • Vaginal infections
  • Minor pelvic pain

Fevers and Flu-like Symptoms

  • Fever without other severe symptoms
  • Flu-like symptoms, such as body aches and fatigue

Minor Head Injuries

  • Mild concussions
  • Headaches and migraines

Travel-related Issues

  • Travel-related illnesses (mild food poisoning, altitude sickness)

Immunizations and Vaccinations

  • Routine vaccinations
  • Travel vaccinations

Occupational Health Services

  • Workplace injuries (minor injuries, lacerations)
  • Pre-employment physicals
  • Drug testing

It’s important to note that while urgent care centers can handle a wide range of conditions, they are not equipped to handle life-threatening emergencies. In case of serious or potentially life-threatening conditions, such as chest pain, severe injuries, or major trauma, it is crucial to seek immediate attention at an emergency room or call emergency services.

Types of Medications Prescribed in Urgent Care

Urgent care doctors have the authority to prescribe a variety of medications to alleviate symptoms and promote healing. The types of medications commonly prescribed in urgent care settings include:


  • For bacterial infections such as strep throat, urinary tract infections, and certain skin infections.
  • Note: Urgent care doctors are cautious about antibiotic overuse and only prescribe them when necessary.

Pain Medications

  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) for pain and inflammation.
  • Acetaminophen for pain relief without anti-inflammatory effects.
  • Opioid medications may be prescribed for severe pain on a case-by-case basis.

Anti-Inflammatory Medications

  • Corticosteroids for reducing inflammation in conditions like asthma, allergic reactions, and skin disorders.


  • Prescription antiviral medications for certain viral infections, such as influenza.

Decongestants and Antihistamines

  • For relief from nasal congestion, allergies, and sinus issues.

Topical Medications

  • Creams, ointments, and lotions for skin conditions, minor burns, and rashes.

Gastrointestinal Medications

  • Medications to alleviate symptoms of indigestion, heartburn, and gastroenteritis.


  • Prescribed for nausea and vomiting associated with various conditions.

Respiratory Medications

  • Inhalers and nebulizers for respiratory conditions like asthma and bronchitis.

Ear and Eye Drops

  • Antibiotic or anti-inflammatory drops for ear and eye infections.

Patient Education and Follow-Up

In addition to prescribing medications, urgent care doctors play a crucial role in patient education. Patients are often provided with information about how to take prescribed medications, potential side effects, and when to follow up with their primary care physician. It’s essential for patients to communicate any allergies or pre-existing conditions to ensure the prescribed medications are safe for them.

Follow-up care is typically recommended, especially if the condition persists or if further evaluation is needed. Urgent care physicians may advise patients to schedule a follow-up appointment with their primary care provider to address ongoing or chronic health concerns.


Urgent care centers serve as valuable resources for individuals in need of immediate medical attention for non-emergent issues. Understanding the types of conditions and medications that can be addressed in urgent care settings is crucial for making informed healthcare decisions.

While urgent care doctors can prescribe a range of medications, it’s important for patients to use these services responsibly and recognize the limitations of urgent care. For ongoing health management and chronic conditions, establishing a relationship with a primary care physician remains paramount.

By being aware of the capabilities of urgent care facilities and their prescription practices, patients can confidently seek timely and appropriate care for their acute health needs.